Proverbs for ParanoidsEs gibt fünf dieser wunderbaren Sprichworte für Paranoiker in Gravitys Rainbow.
Man beachte die absolute Binärstruktur in den Aussagen der ersten vier Sprichworte (master vs. creatures, innocence vs. immorality, questions vs. answers, hide vs. seek) und wie diese Struktur durch das fünfte Sprichwort doppelt (inhaltlich und formal) aufgebrochen (dekonstruiert) wird.
Episode 26, p. 237/375:
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 1: Der Meister mag dir verborgen bleiben
doch seine Kreaturen kannst du kitzeln.
Episode 26, p. 241/381:
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 2: In der Arglosigkeit der Kreaturen
spiegelt sich die Amoral des Meisters.
Episode 28, p. 251/397
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 3: Wem es gelingt, dir falsche Fragen
einzureden, dem braucht auch vor der Antwort nicht zu bangen.
Episode 28, p. 262/412
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 4:
versteckst dich, sie suchen.
Episode 30, p. 292/459
Paranoiker sind Paranoiker nicht etwa (Sinnspruch 5), weil sie paranoisch
wären, sondern weil sie sich, verdammte Idioten, andauernd
vorsätzlich in paranoide Situationen begeben.
(in der offiziellen Übersetzung steht «freiwillig» für
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 1: Der Meister mag dir verborgen bleiben doch seine Kreaturen kannst du kitzeln.
Episode 26, p. 241/381:
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 2: In der Arglosigkeit der Kreaturen spiegelt sich die Amoral des Meisters.
Episode 28, p. 251/397
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 3: Wem es gelingt, dir falsche Fragen einzureden, dem braucht auch vor der Antwort nicht zu bangen.
Episode 28, p. 262/412
Sinnsprüche für Paranoiker, 4: Du versteckst dich, sie suchen.
Episode 30, p. 292/459
Paranoiker sind Paranoiker nicht etwa (Sinnspruch 5), weil sie paranoisch wären, sondern weil sie sich, verdammte Idioten, andauernd vorsätzlich in paranoide Situationen begeben.
(in der offiziellen Übersetzung steht «freiwillig» für «deliberately»)
|Marcas Proverbs for Paranoids:|
From: Dave Monroe
Sent: Monday, January 22, 2001 6:48 PM
Subject: O'Donnell, Postmodernity and the Symptom of Paranoia
Bersani, Leo, Pynchon, Paranoia, and Literature.
Representations 25 (1989): 9118
which I do not have at hand
End of Message
For Dave MonroeSo some quotes and thoughts. The essay is great fun and indicates that our shared interest and making theories about Pynchons novels here shows to some degree were all paranoid (he he he). Moreover it seems to suggest that paranoia is the natural state of affairs.
Bersani begins with a comparison of how Freud and Pynchon define paranoia,
stating that any
) novel that uses the word
as frequently (
) is likely to make the reader somewhat
paranoid about the very frequency of its use
(99) and he remarks that
Pynchon even made a verb out of the word (GR 295).
Freud explained paranoia as a defense against a desired homosexual attack, ( ) potential benefits of interpretative control are dramatically illustrated by the ease with which Dr. Schreber, the subject of Freuds most celebrated analysis, transcends his paranoid anxiety and even changes a plot of cosmic hostility into an epic of cosmic self-centering. Gods desire to use Schreber as a wife in order to engender a new race rewrites catastrophe as apotheosis ( ) (99).Interestingly this guy Schreber is mentioned at the very beginning of the Anti-Oedipus by DeleuzeGuattari too: Himmelsarsch (italics by D-G, Anti Ödipus: Kapitalismus und Schizophrenie I, Frankfurt, 1974, 1977, p. 7) and his paranoia looks a bit like Slothrops, who realizes that he might been under surveillance for long (GR 333) and fears that theres someone/thing out there in heaven/sky who/that is after him (GR 25).
We get the nice binary opposition of truth and delusion here, Freud, in defending himself against the accusation of having lifted his theory from Schrebers book (100) asks if a theory developed out of the delusions of a paranoid person can deliver any truth. Bersani quotes his answer and we have to thank him for this remarkable binary sentence from Freuds pen, making theory a synonym for truth:
It remains for the future ( ) to decide whether there is more delusion in my theory that I should like to admit, or whether there is more truth in Schrebers delusion than other people are as yet prepared to believe.(Psychoanalytic Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia [Dementia Paranoides], in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, ed. James Strachey, 24 vols., [London, 1953-74], 12:78-79, Bersani p. 100), [S. Freud: Über einen autobiographisch beschriebenen Fall von Paranoia, GW Bd. VIII, S. 285].
Bersani remarks that if Freuds theory about paranoia is the truth about this delusion it necessarily must be a replication of those delusions. More, if he hasnt stolen the theory but developed himself does this mean that he himself is paranoid too? The making of theories already a symptom of paranoia what a nice conclusion:
Freuds concluding remarks bizarrely suggest that there is some ordering truth of paranoiaof paranoia as distinct from the classificatory and theoretical discourse that in fact constitures itdifferent from both paranoid ravings and theories of paranoia ( ) as if the truth of paranoia might turn out to be that theory is always a paranoid symptom ( ) that ( ) psychoanalytic discourse ( ) may be nothing more than a manifestation of paranoid behavior (100-101).This is, according to Bersani, exactly how Pynchon deals with the concept of paranoia. Its a reflex of seeking other orders behind the visible (GR 219), the noteworthy discovery of the paranoid that everything is connected, everything in the creation (GR 820) is put into comparison to and shown as the symptoms of a disease. What Pynchon is doing here too is showing how all those transcendental beliefs of cosmic unity and connectedness which were very prominent among his readers when the book came out first have another side too. On the other hand this goes for Puritanism with the concept of predestination too from which all the hippies tried to escape. All these theoretical constructs can be deconstructed to paranoid symptoms this way, in fact are doing so themselves (like Freuds theory itself does) if taken seriously.
But what would be the consequences for our lives if we knew for sure there is no such thing like transcendence, Bersani asks:
Would we ever want a life without paranoid terror? If there is something comfortingreligious, if you wantabout paranoia, there is still also antiparanoia, where nothing is connected to anything, a condition not many of us can bear for long (506). Not only that: to escape from paranoia would be to escape from the movement that is life (103).Pynchon may call this comforting thought religious, in my opinion he means it in fact the other way round: he is speaking about the agnostic modern feeling of absurdity because if nothing is connected where is the sense of it all? Technically hes speaking about chaos, no order at all, the end of the universe if its an open and not a closed system, one of those questions that cant be answered by scientists, minus 273° the possibility of an Absolute Zero (GR 3) weve encountered already at the beginning of the novel, or, as Bersani later says:
( ) the major anxiety provoked by Gravitys Rainbow is ontological rather than epistologocial (107).Bersani calls to attention a piece of text where Pynchon speculates about the possibility that through technology a degree of control could be attained that up to now, at least in the imagination, was limited to the Gods or that subconscious area we are not controlling according to Freud. Strange enough a priest, the jesuit Father Rapier says this:
Once the technical means of control have reached a certain size, a certain degree of being connected one to another, the chances for freedom are over for good (GR 627).Ive mentioned Slothops Puritan forefathers, Bersani hasnt forgotten them and relates their belief to modern information techniques. The undeniable, according to Bersani inevitable paranoia they can emerge echoes older models and patterns:
The Pychonian opposition between They (IG Farben etc.) and We (Slothrop, Mexico, Pirate Prentice, etc.) is a replay of the opposition of Slothrops Puritan forefathers polarity of the Elect and the Preterite. Information control is the contemporary version of Gods eternal knowledge of each individuals ultimate damnation or salvation, and both theology and computer technology naturally produce paranoid fears about how we are hooked into the system, about the connections it has in store for us. (103)Theres some more about the text behind the text (105ff.), about what happens when data resist the ordering process (104) like the novel itself which resists analysis-that is, being broken down into distinct units of meaning (113), what Bersani calls the main result of any interpretation of this novel.
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